Botulinum toxin is a naturally occurring protein produced by the bacterium Clostridium Botulinum. Botulinum toxin is a very safe, effective treatment not only used in cosmetic clinics, but also for a number of medical conditions, including migraine and excessive sweating. All botulinum toxins are prescription only medicines (POM) and can only be prescribed by doctors, dentists and nurses with the prescribing qualification, following a face to face assessment and consultation with the qualified prescriber. Botox® is a licensed brand of Botulinum toxin A. Other licensed brands include Azzalure®, Dysport®, Bocouture® .
The most commonly treated areas include the vertical lines between the eyebrows, horizontal forehead lines and lines around and under the eyes. Advanced techniques can also be used to create an eyebrow lift, to stop the corners of the mouth from pulling down, to reduce gummy smiles by lowering the lip and to reduce neck bands. They reduce muscle bulk to refine and slim jaw lines, the cobbled appearance of the chin and horizontal lines above the chin can also be smoothed. The ‘chewing muscle’ may also be treated to soften a square jaw or to prevent teeth grinding or jaw clenching at night. Botulinum toxin injections can also be used to treat underarm sweating by blocking the nerve signals to the sweat glands.
The toxin blocks the transition of chemical messages from the nerve to the muscle so that the muscle stays in a resting state for a period of 12 weeks on average. This may be only a partial reduction in movement allowing some remaining movement or a full block in which case there is very little remaining muscular movement in the area – this very much depends on the amount administered and location of product placement –treatment may be tailored to suit your individual requirements. Your expected treatment outcomes and whether they can be achieved will be discussed at the consultation.